Why do wisdom teeth become abscessed?
Wisdom teeth become abscessed because of the way they come through the jaw and gums after eruption. Since wisdom teeth (third molars) erupt during adulthood, they don’t have enough room to erupt because the rest of a patient’s permanent teeth are established. The crowded situation leads to wisdom teeth becoming impacted. This means that wisdom teeth become stuck in the gums and therefore do not fully erupt. Many times, only a small portion of a wisdom tooth will be exposed through the gums. Impacted teeth are prone to infection because food debris and bacteria easily become trapped beneath the gums. An impacted tooth is practically impossible to keep clean, too. Therefore, leading to dental caries, gum disease, and internal tooth infections. If an infected or decayed tooth goes without treatment, it will abscess.
How are abscessed teeth treated?
Normally, the first line of treatment for an abscess is antibiotics. This medicine is necessary to reduce swelling and clear the infection. Most of the time, an extraction will be scheduled a few days after a patient begins taking antibiotics. An extraction is the surgical removal of all a tooth’s parts. Extractions are normally the most common treatment method but in some instances root canal therapy is sufficient.
If you have been referred to our practice, call us today at Central Oklahoma Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Associates to reserve an appointment with our oral surgeons.